EMMANUEL II MONUMENT or VITTORIANO
or VICTOR EMMANUEL II MONUMENT
HISTORY AND THE MUSEUM"
Vittoriano Monument has been strongly disputed by many architects
during the XX century for its magnificent and its dimensions that
make impossible its insertion in the landscape formed by Campidoglio
and and Aracoeli Stair. Nowadays this monument is one of the most
popular in Rome for tourists and we think this is for the same
reason why once was disputed.
King of Sardinia Victor Emmanuel II join his army with Garibaldi,
famous commander who also fought in South America (that's why
he is also known as "two worlds' hero"), and managed
to win against army of Vatican. Thanks to this union Italian regions
was united in 1861 but Lazio and Veneto that was annexed later
in 1866 and in 1870 with a battle against Vatican army ended with
the famous act called "Breccia di Porta Pia" in September
20th. After few months Rome became capital of Italian State and
Pope Pio IX declared himself prisoner and excommunicated King
Victor Emmanuel II. Only in 1929 Mussolini created the Vatican
State "releasing" the Pope from his imprisonment.
Vittoriano was inaugurated in 1911 after 25 years of construction.
The king is represented by an equestrian bronze estatue long 12
meters. The monument keeps also the tomb of the "unknown
soldier" chose among all the unburied soldiers of the first
world war in Gorizia and brought to Rome by train the 21st of
Novemeber 1921. This is the reason why many italians know the
Vittoriano simply as "Il Milite Ignoto".
Opening hours: Daily from
Tuesday to Sunday from 9 a.m. to 7p.m. Dec 24th and 31st from
9 a.m. to 2 p.m.The box-office closes 1 hour before.Closed on
Monday and Jan 1st, May 1st, Dec 25th.
Tickets: FULL 5.00 €. REDUCED
4,20 € (European Union citizens between 18 and 25 years old; -
European Union teachers of State schools only by showing valid
membership card); FREE € 2 (European Union citizens under 18 and
over 65 years old. - ICOM members (only by showing valid membership
card) - European Union school groups, upon reservation. - European
Union students and teachers in Architecture, History of Arts only
by showing valid membership card. - Journalists only by showing
valid membership card)
Official Web site: Musei
Capitolini di Roma
from the top terrace
MUSEUM OF RISORGIMENTO"
is called that time began with the French Revolution that brought
to Italy ideals of freedom and equality and the unification of
Italy in 1871. During this period of time Italy completely changed
its geographical and political aspect but it also changed the
mentality of the people tired to submit to Pope's power and influence
of France. Vittoriano hosts the Museum of Risorgimento that goes
back over the entire history of unification of Italy through images,
historical maps, inscriptions on the walls of the monument's stair
that becomes a part of the museum itself. Paintings representing
the heroes of Risorgimento as Garibaldi, Mazzini and first prime
minister of Italy Cavour are kept in the museum.
This place has become one of the favourite place by tourist as
Vittoriano offers an unforgettable panoramic view.
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