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CASTEL SANT'ANGELO or MAUSOLEO ADRIANO

Castel Sant'Angelo also known Mausoleo Adriano

CASTEL SANT'ANGELO OR ADRIANO'S MAUSOLEUM

Castel Sant'Angelo also known as Adriano's Mausoleum is a splendid ancient build of imperial epoque (II century A.D.) that stays in front of the Tiber River not far from Vatican State and St. Peter's Basilica.

It's the second monument for number of visits yearly after the Colosseum and the fifth of the entire Italy.

THE HISTORY OF CASTEL SANT'ANGELO

Emperor Adriano (117-138), died 62 years old with inexpressible sufferings, wanted to be commemorated here, on the other shore of Tevere, outside of the city walls.

The original building was built in 139 A.D. and it carried for long time the original name Mausoleo Adriano till the terrible plague that tormented Rome in 585. In those days Gregorio Il Grande, later become Pope, ordered to Romans to make a procession till San Pietro's Basilica but when the dying procession passed before the Mausoleo Adriano, Gregorio who was leaading it saw an angel on the top of the Mausoleum who was replacing his sword in the sheat. This vision immediately was interpreted as a God's sign for the imminent end of the plague that in fact happened. From that day on, the building changed its name in Castel Sant'Angelo and an estatue representing the good angel can be seen nowadays on the top of it.

In the centuries the building changed a lot of times destination of use having been a tower for observation of the Aurelian wall since 271 A. D., a jail and the Popes' residence in case of danger as it happened in 1527 during the Sack of Rome. For this reason a secret corridor joining the building to San Pietro was built in 1277 to allow a flight to the Pope in case of attack.

Nowadays Castel Sant'Angelo is an interesting museum opens every day but mondays illustrating the history of the building. Many rooms are frescoed by Renaissance artists as Domenico Zaga and Perin del Vaga (worthy of a visit is the Sala Paolina). The room where probably Emperor Adriano was buried was converted in the "treasure room" in 1586 by Pope Sisto V who put the Vatican wealth inside a huge wooden trunk still visible today. The top terrace offers to the visitor the suggestion of the angel besides an amazing view of Rome and an unforgettable sunset on San Pietro's Church.

USEFUL INFORMATION FOR THE VISIT

How to get to Castel Sant'Angelo

- by metro: line A Lepanto stop or Ottaviano-San Pietro stop.
- by bus: lines 62, 23, 271, 982, 280 (Piazza Pia stop); line 40 (Piazza Pia stop); line 34 (Via di Porta Castello stop); lines 49, 87, 926, 990 (Piazza Cavour stop or via Crescenzio stop); lines 64, 46 (Santo Spirito stop).

Opening hours: Daily from Tuesday to Sunday from 9 a.m. to 7.30 p.m. Friday from 9 a.m. to 10 p.m. The box-office closes 1 hour before. Closed on Monday and Jan 1st, May 1st, Dec 25th.
Tickets: Full 10.50 .
Reduced 7 (European Union citizens between 18 and 25 years old; - European Union teachers of State schools only by showing valid membership card).
Free for European Union citizens under 18 - ICOM members (only by showing valid membership card) - European Union school groups, upon reservation. - European Union students and teachers in Architecture, History of Arts only by showing valid membership card. - Journalists only by showing valid membership card).
Free for everyone the first sunday of every month.
Telephone: +39.06.6819111/6896003
Official Web site: Castel Sant'Angelo

View from the top terrace
View from the top terrace

CASTEL SANT'ANGELO
or MAUSOLEO ADRIANO

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